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化粪池清理时有哪些注意事项呢?

来源:2020正规赌博app  发布时间:2020-05-18 15:00:50

化粪池清理作业规范及注意事项
Operation specifications and precautions for septic tank cleaning
化粪池是处理粪便并加以过滤沉淀的设备。其原理是固化物在池底分解,上层的水化物体,进入管道流走,防止了管道堵塞,给固化物体(粪便等垃圾)有充足的时间水解。化粪池指的是将生活污水分格沉淀,及对污泥进行厌氧消化的小型处理构筑物。
Septic tank is a kind of equipment for treating feces and filtering and settling them. The principle is that the solidified substance decomposes at the bottom of the pool, the upper layer of hydrated substance flows into the pipeline, preventing the pipeline from blocking, and giving the solidified substance (excrement and other wastes) sufficient time for hydrolysis. The septic tank refers to a small treatment structure that divides the domestic sewage into compartments for sedimentation and anaerobic digestion of sludge.
济南化粪池清理
质量要求
quality requirement
化粪池的清掏周期与粪便污水温度、气温、建筑物性质及排水水质、水量有关。设计清掏周期过短,则化粪池粪液浓度过高,与实际清掏周期差距过大,影响正常发酵和污水处理效果,甚至造成粪液漫溢,影响环境卫生。设计清掏周期过长,则化粪池容积过大,增加造价。《建筑给水排水设计规范》(以下简称《规范》)要求清掏周期为3~12个月,实际设计中多取3~9个月,而酸性发酵阶段的酸性发酵期为3个月,酸性减退期为5个月左右。实践证明:清掏周期的取定,应兼顾污水处理效果、建设造价、管理三个方面因素清掏周期一般不宜少于12个月。
The cleaning period of the septic tank is related to the temperature, temperature, nature of the building and the quality and quantity of the drainage water. If the designed cleaning period is too short, the concentration of manure in the septic tank will be too high, and the difference between the designed cleaning period and the actual cleaning period will be too large, which will affect the normal fermentation and sewage treatment effect, and even cause the overflow of manure and affect the environmental health. If the designed cleaning period is too long, the volume of septic tank will be too large and the cost will be increased. According to the code for design of building water supply and drainage (hereinafter referred to as the code), the cleaning period is 3-12 months, and the actual design takes 3-9 months more, while the acid fermentation period in the acid fermentation stage is 3 months, and the acid degradation period is about 5 months. It has been proved that the cleaning period should not be less than 12 months in general, considering the sewage treatment effect, construction cost and management.
1.粪便转运
1. Fecal transport
(1)粪便转运站(场、码头)设施应完好、整洁。转运的粪污水应密闭贮存于贮粪池内。贮粪池应符合防渗漏、防臭气扩散和防蝇的要求,并设置防火、防爆安全设施。
(1) Facilities of manure transfer station (yard and wharf) shall be intact and tidy. The transferred waste water shall be stored in a closed tank. The septic tank shall meet the requirements of anti leakage, anti odor diffusion and anti fly, and shall be equipped with fire and explosion-proof safety facilities.
(2)贮粪池内的粪便应及时转运,不得外溢。
(2) The excrement in the septic tank shall be transferred in time and shall not overflow.
(3)输粪管道应完好、畅通,闸阀应严密,无破损、滴漏。
(3) The fecal pipeline shall be intact and unblocked, and the gate valve shall be tight without damage and leakage.
(4)转运作业时,粪便不得污染水体和作业场地。冲洗作业场地的污水应经适当处理,排入污水管网或收集池,不得直接排入附近水体。
(4) During the transfer operation, the feces shall not pollute the water body and the operation site. The sewage from the washing operation site shall be properly treated and discharged into the sewage pipe network or collection pool, and shall not be directly discharged into the nearby water body.
(5)将人力收集车的粪便转运到机动车时,应保持转运作业的紧密衔接,不得任意将粪罐、粪桶、手推粪车停放在主要道路上。
(5) When transferring the excrement of the manual collection vehicle to the motor vehicle, the close connection of the transfer operation shall be maintained, and the excrement tank, the excrement bucket and the hand propelled excrement vehicle shall not be parked on the main road at will.
(6)卸粪时应谨慎操作,不得将粪便泼洒在卸粪口周围地面。作业结束,应及时清洗卸粪口及作业场地。
(6) During defecation, the operation shall be careful, and the feces shall not be spilled on the ground around the defecation mouth. At the end of the operation, the dung discharge port and operation site shall be cleaned in time.
(7)粪便转运站(场、码头)应有灭蝇措施。在可视范围内,苍蝇不超过3只/次,无蛆,臭味不超过4级。
(7) Fly control measures shall be taken for feces transfer station (yard and wharf). Within the visible range, no more than 3 flies / time, no maggots and no more than 4 levels of odor.
2.车辆运输粪便
2. Transportation of excrement by vehicles
(1)车辆应完好、整洁,车体无粪迹污物
(1) The vehicle shall be in good condition and tidy, and the vehicle body shall be free of dirt
(2)装载容器应密闭性好。放粪闸阀、进粪口应严实,并有防滴漏措施;运输过程中应无滴漏、洒落,车走后场地应清理干净。
(2) The container should be well sealed. The gate valve and inlet shall be tight and provided with anti leakage measures; during transportation, there shall be no leakage and spillage, and the site shall be cleaned after the vehicle leaves.
(3)装载应适量,无外溢;装载的粪便,应及时卸清,不得将粪便长时间存留在车罐容器内。
(3) The load shall be appropriate without spillover; the loaded feces shall be unloaded in time and shall not be stored in the vehicle tank container for a long time.
(4)应按指定地点及时卸粪,不得任意排放。
(4) The excrement shall be discharged in time according to the designated place and shall not be discharged arbitrarily.
(5)运输作业结束后,应及时清洗车辆和辅助设施,不得留有粪迹污物。
(5) After the completion of transportation, the vehicles and auxiliary facilities shall be cleaned in time, and no dirt shall be left.
清理作业标准
Cleaning operation standard
(1)化粪池内清理的粪便污水、污渍清运并妥善处理。
(1) The waste water and stains cleaned in the septic tank shall be removed and properly treated.
(2)确保服务范围内所有化粪池粪便污水不外溢。
(2) Ensure that all septic tank waste water within the scope of service does not overflow.
(3)如出现化粪池污水外溢等异常情况,接到通知后须在8小时内到达处理。
(3) In case of any abnormal situation such as sewage overflow from the septic tank, it shall arrive for treatment within 8 hours after receiving the notice.
(4)在清理过程中,应当采取相应的安全防范措施。
(4) In the process of cleaning up, corresponding safety precautions should be taken.
清理作业程序
Cleaning procedure
(1)用铁钩打开化粪池的盖板,再用长竹杆(8m)搅散化粪池内杂物结块层。
(1) Open the cover plate of the septic tank with an iron hook, and then use a long bamboo rod (8m) to disperse the sundry caking layer in the septic tank.
(2)把吸粪车开到工作现场,套好吸粪胶管(5m长,备3条)放入化粪池内。
(2) Drive the suction truck to the work site, set up the suction hose (5m long, 3 for standby) and put it into the septic tank.
(3)启动吸粪车的开关,吸出粪便直至化粪池内的化粪结块物吸完为止,防止弄脏工作现场和过往行人的衣物。
(3) Start the switch of the septic truck and suck out the feces until the feces in the septic tank are completely sucked, so as to prevent the work site and the clothes of passers-by from being soiled.
(4)盖好化粪池井盖,用清水冲洗工作现场和所有工具。
(4) Cover the well cover of the septic tank and wash the working site and all tools with clean water.
(5)每年清理一次,一级池清运90%,二级池清运75%,三级池硬的表面全部清运。
(5) Once a year, 90% of the primary tank, 75% of the secondary tank and all the hard surfaces of the tertiary tank shall be cleaned and transported.
(6)清理后,目视井内无积物浮于上面,出入口畅通,保持污水不溢出地面。
(6) After cleaning, there is no accumulation floating on the well, the entrance and exit are unblocked, and the sewage does not overflow the ground.
(7)在化粪池井盖打开后10~15min,人不站在池边,禁止在池边点火或吸烟,以防沼气着火烧伤人。
(7) In 10-15 minutes after the septic tank well cover is opened, people are not allowed to stand beside the tank, and it is forbidden to ignite or smoke beside the tank, so as to prevent people from being burned by biogas fire.
(8)人勿下池工作,防止人员中毒或陷入水中
(8) Do not work in the pool to prevent people from poisoning or falling into the water
(9)化粪池井盖打开后工作员不能离开现场,清洁完毕后,随手盖好井盖,以防行人掉入井内发生意外。
(9) The workers shall not leave the site after the septic tank well cover is opened. After cleaning, the well cover shall be covered to prevent pedestrians from falling into the well.
以上就是对济南化粪池清理作业注意事项的详细介绍,想要了解更多请点击官网
The above is a detailed introduction to the precautions for cleaning the septic tank in Jinan. For more information, please click the official website